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भारत के संविधान में महत्वपूर्ण अनुच्छेद 2022

 

भारत के संविधान में महत्वपूर्ण अनुच्छेद 2022 |_50.1

 भारत का संविधान: महत्वपूर्ण अनुच्छेद

भारत के संविधान की शुरुआत इसके मूल वैल्यूज के संक्षिप्त विवरण से होती है। इसमें वह दर्शन निहित है जिस पर हमारा संविधान का निर्माण हुआ है। यह एक मानक दो (standard two) की परीक्षा प्रदान करता है और यह पता लगाने के लिए सरकार के किसी भी कानून और कार्रवाई का मूल्यांकन करता है कि यह अच्छा है या बुरा, यह कहा जा सकता है कि प्रस्तावना भारतीय संविधान की आत्मा है। भारत दुनिया का सबसे बड़ा लोकतंत्र है और भारत का संविधान 26 जनवरी 1950 को लागू हुआ। एक संविधान नियमों और विनियमों का एक समूह है जिसके माध्यम से एक देश शासित होता है। भारतीय संविधान में 448 अनुच्छेद, 25 भाग, 12 अनुसूचियां और 104 संशोधन हैं। संविधान के कुछ हिस्सों में विभिन्न अनुच्छेद हैं जो संवैधानिक निकायों के मौलिक अधिकार विधायिकाओं के कार्यकारी शाखाओं और अनुसूचियों के वर्गों पर चर्चा करते हैं।

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भारत के संविधान के भाग और अनुच्छेद

Parts of the constitution
articles 

Articles and Definition 

 Subjects of the parts

Part I

  •  Article 1- Name and
    territory of the union
  • Article 2- Admission and
    establishment of the new state.
  •  Article 3- Formation of
    new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and names of existing
    states.

Union Territories

Part II

  • Article 5 – Citizenship at
    the commencement of the constitution
  •  Article 6 – Rights of
    citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan
  • Article 10 – Continuance of
    rights of citizenship
  • Article 11 – Parliament to
    regulate the right of citizenship by law

Citizenship

Part III

  • Article 12 – Definition of
    the state
  • Article 13 – Laws
    inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
  • Article 14 – Equality before
    the law.
  • Article 15 – Prohibition of
    discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of
    birth.
  • Article 16 – Equality of
    opportunity in matters of public employment.
  • Article 17 – Abolition of the
    untouchability.
  •  Article 18 – Abolition
    of titles.
  •  Article 19 – Guarantees
    to all the citizens the six rights and they are:

a
– Freedom of speech and expression.

b
– Freedom to assemble peaceably and without arms.

c
– Freedom to form associations or unions.

d
– Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India.

e
– Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.

f
– Omitted

g
– Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade,
or business.

  • Article 20 – Protection in
    respect of conviction for offenses.
  • Article 21 – Protection of
    life and personal liberty.
  • Article 22 – Protection
    against arrest and detention in certain cases
  • Article 23 – Prohibition of
    traffic in human beings and forced labor.
  • Article 24 – Prohibition of
    employment of children (Under the age of 14) in factories and mines.
  • Article 25 – Freedom of
    conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion.
  •  Article 26 – Freedom to
    manage religious affairs.
  • Article 27 – Freedom as to
    pay taxes for the promotion of any particular religion.
  • Article 28 – Freedom from
    attending religious instruction.
  • Article 29 – Protection of
    interest of minorities.
  • Article 30 – Right of
    minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
  • Article 32 – Remedies for
    enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

Fundamental rights

Part IV

  • Article 36 – Definition
  • Article 37– Application of
    DPSP
  •  Article 39A – Equal
    justice and free legal aid
  • Article 40 – Organization of
    a village panchayat
  • Article 41 – Right to work,
    education, and public assistance in certain cases
  •  Article 43 – Living
    Wages, etc. for workers.
  • Article 43A – Participation
    of workers in the management of industries.
  • Article 44 – Uniform civil
    code.
  • Article 45 – Provision for
    free and compulsory education for children.
  • Article 46 – Promotion of
    educational and economic interest of scheduled castes (SC), scheduled
    tribes (ST), and OBC.
  •  Article 47– Duty of the
    state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to
    improve public health.
  • Article 48 – Organization of
    agriculture and animal husbandry.
  • Article 49 – Protection of
    monuments and places and objects of natural importance.
  •  Article 50 – Separation
    of judiciary from the executive.
  • Article 51 – Promotion of
    international peace and security.

Directive Principles

Part IV A

It
shall be the duty of every citizen of India

(a)
to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the
National Flag and the National Anthem;

(b)
to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle
for freedom;

(c)
to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India;

(d)
to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

(e)
to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the
people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional
diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;

(f)
to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

(g)
to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes,
rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures;

(h)
to develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform;

(i)
to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

(j)
to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective
activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and
achievement

Fundamental Duties

Part V

  •  Article 52 – The
    President of India
  •  Article 53 – Executive
    Power of the union
  • Article 54 – Election of
    President
  •   Article 61 – Procedure
    for Impeachment of the President
  •  Article 63 – The
    Vice–president of India
  • Article 64 – The
    Vice–President to be ex–officio chairman of n the council of States
  • Article 66 – Election of
    Vice–president
  • Article 72 – Pardoning powers
    of President
  • Article 74 – Council of
    ministers to aid and advise President
  • Article 76 – Attorney–General
    for India
  • Article 79 – Constitution of
    Parliament
  • Article 80 – Composition of
    Rajya Sabha
  • Article 81 – Composition of
    Lok Sabha
  • Article 83 – Duration of
    Houses of Parliament
  • Article 93 – The speakers and
    Deputy speakers of the house of the people
  • Article 105 – Powers,
    Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
  • Article 109 – Special
    procedure concerning money bills
  • Article 110 – Definition of
    “Money Bills”
  • Article 112 – Annual
    Financial Budget
  • Article 114 –Appropriation
    Bills
  • Article 123 – Powers of the
    President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament
  • Article 124 – Establishment
    of Supreme Court
  • Article 125 – Salaries of
    Judges
  • Article 126 – Appointment of
    acting Chief justice
  • Article 127 – Appointment of
    ad–hoc judges
  • Article 128 –Attendance of
    retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
  • Article 129 – Supreme Court
    to be a court of Record
  • Article 130 – Seat of the
    Supreme Court
  • Article 136 – Special leaves
    for an appeal to the Supreme Court
  • Article 137 – Review of judgment
    or orders by the Supreme Court
  • Article 141 – Decision of the
    Supreme Court of India binding on all the courts
  • Article 148 – Comptroller and
    Auditor– General of India
  • Article 149 – Duties and
    Powers of CAG

union

Part VI

  • Article 153 – Governors of
    State
  • Article 154 – Executive
    Powers of Governor
  • Article 161 – Pardoning
    powers of the Governor
  • Article 165 –
    Advocate–General of the State
  • Article 213 – Power of
    Governor to promulgate ordinances
  • Article 214 – High Courts for
    states
  • Article 215 – High Courts to
    be a court of record
  • Article 226 – Power of High
    Courts to issue certain writs
  • Article 233 – Appointment of
    District judges
  • Article 235 – Control over
    Subordinate Courts

States

Part VII

7th Amendment Act

Part VIII

  • Article 239 – Administration
    of Union territories.
  • Article 239A – Creation of
    local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union
    territories.
  • Article 239AA – Special
    provisions concerning Delhi.
  • Article 239AB – Provision in
    case of failure of constitutional machinery.
  • Article 239B – Power of
    administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.
  • Article 240 – Power of
    President to make regulations for certain Union territories.
  • Article 241 – High Courts for
    Union territories.
  • Article 242 – Coorg

Union Territories

Part IX

  • Article 243A – Gram Sabha
  • Article 243B – Constitution
    of Panchayats

Panchayats

Part IX-A

  •  Article 243P –
    Definitions.
  • Article 243Q – Constitution
    of Municipalities.
  • Article 243R – Composition of
    Municipalities.
  • Article 243S – Constitution
    and composition of Wards Committees, etc.
  • Article 243T – Reservation of
    seats.
  • Article 243U – Duration of
    Municipalities, etc.
  • Article 243V
    -Disqualifications for membership.
  • Article 243W – Powers,
    authority, and responsibilities of Municipalities, etc.
  • Article 243X – Power to
    impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Municipalities.
  • Article 243Y – Finance
    Commission.
  • Article 243Z – Audit of accounts
    of Municipalities.
  • Article 243ZA – Elections to
    the Municipalities.
  • Article 243ZB – Application
    to Union territories.
  • Article 243ZC – Part not to
    apply to certain areas.
  • Article 243ZD – Committee for
    district planning.
  • Article 243ZE – Committee for
    Metropolitan planning.
  • Article 243ZF – Continuance
    of existing laws and Municipalities.
  • Article 243ZG – Bar to
    interference by courts in electoral matters.

Municipalities

Part IX B

  • Article 243ZH – Definitions.
  • Article 243ZI – Incorporation
    of co-operative societies.
  • Article 243ZJ – Number and
    term of members of the board and its office bearers.
  • Article 243ZK – Election of
    members of the board.
  • Article 243ZL – Supersession
    and suspension of the board and interim management.
  • Article 243ZM – Audit of
    accounts of co-operative societies.
  • Article 243ZN – Convening of
    general body meetings.
  • Article 243ZO – Right of a
    member to get information.
  • Article 243ZP – Returns.
  • Article 243ZQ – Offences and
    penalties.
  • Article 243ZR – Application
    to multi-State co-operative societies.
  • Article 243ZS – Application
    to Union territories.
  • Article 243ZT – Continuance
    of existing laws.

Co-operative Societies

Part X

  • Article 244- Administration
    of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas

Scheduled Tribe areas

Part XI

  •  Article 245 – Extent of
    laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.
  • Article 246 – Subject-matter
    of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.
  • Article 246A – Special
    provision concerning goods and services tax.
  • Article 247 – Power of
    Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional
    courts.
  • Article 248 – Residuary
    powers of legislation.
  • Article 249 – Power of
    Parliament to legislate concerning a matter in the State List in the national
    interest.
  • Article 250 – Power of
    Parliament to legislate concerning any matter in the State List if a
    Proclamation of Emergency is in operation.
  • Article 251 – Inconsistency
    between laws made by Parliament under articles 249 and 250 and laws made
    by the Legislatures of States.
  • Article 252 – Power of
    Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and adoption
    of such legislation by any other State.
  • Article 253 – Legislation for
    giving effect to international agreements.
  • Article 254 – Inconsistency
    between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of
    States.
  • Article 255 – Requirements as
    to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of
    procedure only.
  • Article 256 – Obligation of
    States and the Union.
  • Article 257 – Control of the
    Union over States in certain cases.
  • Article 257A – Assistance to
    States by the deployment of armed forces or other forces of the Union.
  • Article 258 – Power of the
    Union to confer powers, etc., on States in certain cases.
  • Article 258A – Power of the
    States to entrust functions to the Union.
  • Article 259 – Armed Forces in
    States in Part B of the First Schedule.
  • Article 260 – Jurisdiction of
    the Union about territories outside India.
  • Article 261 – Public acts,
    records, and judicial proceedings.
  • Article 262 – Adjudication of
    disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or river valleys.
  • Article 263 – Provisions
    concerning an inter-State Council.

Relation of Union and states

Part XII

  •  Article 266 –
    Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
  • Article 267 – Contingency
    Fund of India
  • Article 280 – Finance
    Commission
  • Article 300 A – Right to
    property

Properties, finance, suits, and
contracts

Part XIII

  •  Article 301 – Freedom
    to trade, commerce, and intercourse
  • Article 302 – Power of
    Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.

Trade, commerce, and communication
between the territories of India

Part XIV

  • Article 312 – All–
    India–Service

·       
Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and the states

  •  Article 320 – Functions
    of Public Service Commission

Services under the union and
states

Part XIV A

  • Article 323A – Administrative
    Tribunals

Tribunals

Part XV

  • Article 324 – Superintendence,
    direction, and control of Elections to be vested in an Election
    Commission
  • Article 325 – No person to be
    ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special,
    electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex
  •  Article 326 – Elections
    to the house of the people and the legislative assemblies of states to
    be based on adult suffrage

Elections

Part XVI

  •  Article 338 – National
    Commission for the SC & ST
  •  Article 340 –
    Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward
    classes special

Special provisions for certain
classes

Part XVII

  • Article 343 – Official
    languages of the Union
  •  Article 345 – Official
    languages or languages of a state
  • Article 348 – Languages to be
    used in the Supreme Court and the High Courts
  • Article 351 – Directive for
    development of the Hindi languages

Languages

Part XVIII

  •  Article 352 –
    Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency)
  •  Article 356 – State
    Emergency (President’s Rule)
  • Article 360 – Financial
    Emergency

Emergency Provisions

Part IX

  • Article 361 – Protection of
    President and Governors

Miscellaneous

Part XX

  • Article 368 – Powers of
    Parliaments to amend the constitution amendment

Amendment of constitution

Part XXI

  •  Article 370 – Temporary
    Provision for the erstwhile State of J&K
  • Article 371 A – Special
    provision concerning the State of Nagaland
  • Article 371 J – Special
    Status for Hyderabad–Karnataka region

Temporary and special provision

Part XXII

  •  Article 393 –This
    Constitution may be called the Constitution of India

Commencement, Authoritative text
in Hindi


भारत के संविधान से संबंधित FAQ

1. भारतीय संविधान के भाग कौन से हैं?

Ans. भारतीय संविधान के 25 भागों में विभिन्न अनुच्छेद हैं और यह मौलिक अधिकारों, निर्देशक सिद्धांतों, राज्यों, संघों, चुनावों और विविध विषयों पर चर्चा करता है।

2. भारत के संविधान के किस अनुच्छेद के तहत मौलिक अधिकारों का उल्लेख किया गया है?

Ans. भारतीय संविधान के अनुच्छेद 12 और अनुच्छेद 35 में मौलिक अधिकारों का उल्लेख है।

3. भारतीय संविधान का अनुच्छेद एक क्या है?

Ans. भारत के संविधान के अनुच्छेद एक में कहा गया है कि भारत के क्षेत्रों में राज्य शासित प्रदेश केंद्र शासित प्रदेश और भविष्य में आवश्यक कोई भी क्षेत्र शामिल होगा।

 

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भारत के संविधान में महत्वपूर्ण अनुच्छेद 2022 |_60.1

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